Sousmaats vir gestoofde kwepers – zabaglione en sagte nougat

12 Apr

Die storie van souse is ‘n ware ‘lelike-eendjie tot swaan’ sage vandat die Romeine dit gebruik om die natuurlike smaak van kos te verskans en walmpies te verskuil. Vandag is souse die opperheersers van die  smaakwêreld.

a gestoofde kwepers met sagte nougat  Beeld IMG_6396

‘n Lekker sous is egter nie net die domein van glanskokke nie. Op ons eie kulinêre kultuurwerf is daar self ‘n klomp souse wat koning kraai. Ook soet souse. Tog jammer dat die era van plastiekkos en die bokskultuur sy merk gelaat het; maar ek is nie op ‘n oorlogspad teen die pakkie-souse en gebokste vla nie. Elke kombuis het sy eie werklikheid, ritme en kosetiek. My pleidooi is wel om ‘n bietjie avonturier te speel – soos hier met ‘n paar eiers en ‘n paar ander alledaagse bestanddele in die rugsak.

My avontuur het ‘n draai gaan maak by die Italianers. Ek begin met ‘n sagte, loperige Italiaanse meringue sousie wat eintlik nougat in sousvorm is. Dan oor na zabaglione, ‘n sous wat deur die eeue gemaak is net met drie bestanddele: suiker (of heuning), wyn en eiergele.

Maak beide souse vir gestoofde kwepers, gestoofde pruime, gestoofde enigiets; maar ook vir vars vrugte – want die surigheid van vrugte is net waarvoor die soet sousies soek.

SAGTE NOUGAT MET GESTOOFDE KWEPERS EN STERANYS

Die soet sous – half-Italiaanse meringue en half-nougat – bedien Nic van Wyk, Kokkedoor-beoordelaar met gestoofde vrugte by Diemersdal. Temper die soet met ‘n paar skyfies Simonzola of ander sagte bloukaas. Ook baie lekker met gestoofde koejawels.

Maak 6-8 porsies

Nougat:

Bestanddele

3 eierwitte

125 g suiker

50 ml water

25g glukose (beskikbaar in poeiervorm by apteke)

225 g heuning

Metode

In ‘n menger, klits die eierwitte tot dit sagte pieke vorm en hou eenkant. Plaas die water, suiker en glukose in ‘n kastrol en kook tot die sagte bal stadium (112°C op suikertermometer). In ‘n aparte kastrol, kook die heuning ook tot sagte bal stadium (tussen 112-115°C op suikertermometer). Terwyl die menger loop, gooi die suikerstroop en die heuning by die eierwitte. Wees versigtig om die mengsel nie te oorklits nie. Die finale mengsel sal sag en skuimerig wees en sy vorm behou. Die mengsel verdik ietwat as dit afgekoel het.

Wenk: indien die mengsel na jou sin te loperig is week 10 ml gelatien in 20ml warm water; gooi eers ‘n paar lepels meringue-mengsel by die gelatien en meng dit dan by die meringue-mengsel.  Laat afkoel.

Wenk: Indien jy nie ‘n suiker-termometer (candy thermometer) het nie, gooi ‘n teelepel suikerstroop in ‘n glas koue water. Haal die suikerbal uit die water en druk tussen duim en voorvinger. Die balletjie moet sag en taaierig wees en maklik plat gedruk word.

Oondgestoofde kwepers met steranys

Bedien 6-8

Bestanddele

5 groot (7 klein) kwepers, geskil, gehalveer of in skywe, pitte en klokhuis verwyder

1 L water

1 kg suiker

4 steranys peule

Sap van een suurlemoen (opsioneel)

Metode

Voorverhit die oond na 160ºC. Plaas suiker, steranys en water in ‘n kastrol en bring tot kookpunt. Roer suurlemoensap by. Plaas die kwepers in ‘n oondvaste bak, bedek met suikerstroop (hou steranys in) en bedek met foelie. Bak sowat 2 ure tot die kwepers pienk word en sag is. Haal uit die oond en laat die kwepers afkoel in die stroop. Bedien. Die kwepers kan in gesteriliseerde flesse geplaas word; bedek met suikerstroop en seël.

Wenk: Die kwepers kan ook op die plaat gekook word: pleks van dit in die oond te bak, prut dit in die suikerstroop vir sowat 45-60 minute tot pienk en sag. Jy kan ook die kweperhelftes stowe en daarna in netjiese skywe sny.

a warm zabaglione met kwepers en bevrore frambose Beeld IMG_6469

PORT EIERSKUIMSOUS (ZABAGLIONE)

Ons begin by die uitspraak: Zah-bahl-YOH-nay. 

Die soet sussie van Hollandaise, noem Martha Holmberg, skrywer van Modern Sauces, hierdie Italiaanse sousie wat maklik en vinnig is om te maak. Dit bevat egter nie botter nie, bloot net eiergeel, suiker en soetwyn. Hier bedien ek dit warm met ingelegde kwepers en bevrore frambose. Bedien die sous ook op sy eie, oor roomys, of met savoiardi, oor vars vye – terwyl dit not warm is.

ZABAGLIONE

 Maak 300 ml (4-6 porsies)

 Bestanddele

4 eiergele

65 g suiker

75 ml soet gefortifiseerde wyn soos Marsala, Madeira of port

Voeg water 3 tot 5 cm diep in ‘n medium kastrol en plaas oor medium hitte. Plaas ‘n hittebestande glas-mengbak of vlekvrye staalbak in die kastrol sonder dat die bodem aan die water raak. Plaas eiergele en suiker in die bak en klits met ‘n handklitser (whisk) of elektriese handklitser teen medium-hoë spoed vir 1 minuut. Gooi die wyn by terwyl jy aanhou klits. Klits nou vinnig en verwyder enige van die eiergeel wat teen die kant van die bak vorm met ‘n rubber-spatula. Klits 4-5 minute met elektriese handklitser en 8-10 minute met handklitser.

Sodra die eiermengsel ‘n dik lint vorm aan die onderpunt van die klitser is dit reg. Haal van die kastrol af en klits 30 sekondes om die skuim te stabiliseer. Laat afkoel of bedien warm. Bedien verkieslik onmiddellik.

Wenk: die sous kan, indien dit werklik moet, sowat 30 minute teen baie lae hitte oor die kastrol water gehou word.

  • Errieda Du Toit is kosskrywer en inhoudsvervaardiger van Kyknet se realiteits- kookkompetisie Kokkedoor. Volg haar op Twitter @huiskok en luister op RSG Vrydae 9.15 vm. na Huiskok Glanskok.

{Die ware oorsprong van zabaglione – die Italiaansers stry steeds!}

Waar gebore? Ek het hierdie goeie beskrywing op die internet raakgeloop – en plaas dit woordelik so: (webwerf ITChefs)

In which part of Italy was zabaglione born? That’s very hard to determine. Its origins are controversial and various parts of Italy claim its paternity. No surprise, given the simplicity of the execution and the readiness of the ingredients (honey instead of sugar was perhaps the earliest formula) it’s quite possible that it was born in various places at more or less the same time. The direct ancestor of zabaglione, beaten fresh egg – sometimes, in the country, just laid – with sugar, a pinch of salt, lukewarm milk (or red wine), has been a part of life for Italian families of every region for centuries. Scores of children have regained health and strength thanks to this homemade natural vitamin and protein integrator, given to them by their mothers or grandmothers. While in some regions this “preparation” had its proper name, as arsumà in Val d’Aosta, or sapajean or sabajessa in Lombardy, in many others, it was called zabaglione or simply beaten eggs.

It’s interesting to note that in the basic recipe of this egg preparation there is wine. According to some authors, (see Alan Davidson, The Penguin Companion to Food, 2002), the prehistory of zabaglione, was a drink made of wine or beer thickened with egg yolks. Its name, during the ancient Roman Empire, was possibly ‘sabaium’, which in Illyria, the Western part of the Balkan Peninsula, meant beer.

Born in Florence? Or in Sicily?

Legends and scarce historic sources fix the birth date of zabaglione in the 16th century. Some, as the mentioned Alan Davidson, say that it was invented in Florence in the court of the Medici, however there is no evidence. It’s certain, though, that zabaglione was the base of some of the first gelati, otherwise ice-creams, an Italian invention that consequently travelled to France with Catherine de Medici and that chef Ruggeri who invented ice-cream.

It has been suggested that zabaglione has a Sicilian origin since the word is derived from the Sicilian word zabbina, which refers to the spume resulting from the boiling of milk for ricotta and roughly means to whip while boiling. Zabbina comes from the Arabic word zarb, meaning a kind of sweet milk made from the thick part of curdled milk – something similar to ricotta. Other authors have legitimated the Sicilian origins, as Waverley Root, who in The Food of Italy (1971) wrote that Sicilian migrants spread their zabaglione all around the world.

A recipe for making a “bono zambaglione” (good zabaglione) is contained in the Libro De Arte Coquinaria (Book of Culinary Art) by Maestro Martino da Como, otherwise known as Martino de’ Rossi, the first modern Italian cookery book, dated approximately 1465. “Get four eggs (just the yolks) and […] a generous amount of sugar and cinnamon, and add some sweetish wine. If the mixture begins to smell like smoke, add a little water or lean broth. Cook in the same way as broth, stirring constantly with a spoon, and when it soils [the spoon, serve it in a cup]”. The soiling point is “when the mixture is so dense that it adheres to the wooden spoon”. The only problem with this recipe is that it appears only in the “original” of the Libro kept in the Municipal Library of Riva del Garda, which is believed to be only a copy of the authentic one in the U.S. Library of Congress.

In any case, the inclusion of zabaglione in the Maestro Martino collection of recipes could imply that the sweet was born in Lombardy, possibly in Milan. There is, indeed, at least one source that presents zabaglione with the same ingredients as in Martino’s recipe as a “Milanese specialty.” It’s the book La commare o riccoglitrice (Venice, 1595), a very successful treatie on midwifery written by doctor Scipione, the Dominican friar Girolamo Mercurio, who recommends zabaglione to people who had exhausting jobs or were debilitated, exactly as women who had recently given birth. On the gastronomic side, Mercurio explains that zabaglione is ready when it assumes “the thickness of the top of milk,” that is, the consistency of cream.

 

 

7 Responses to “Sousmaats vir gestoofde kwepers – zabaglione en sagte nougat”

  1. controllare May 10, 2013 at 12:33 am #

    Sono impressionato dalla qualità delle informazioni su questo sito. Ci sono un sacco di buone risorse qui. Sono sicuro che visiterò di nuovo il vostro blog molto presto.

    • huiskok May 10, 2013 at 10:10 am #

      Grazie. Io uso google translate e spero che questo messaggio si legge correttamente. Io sono italiano a cuore e ammiro il vostro paese. E mi ispira a fare bene sul mio blog.

  2. lifeisazoobiscuit April 22, 2013 at 11:37 am #

    Wat n pragtige post lieflike huiskok – jy kan darem toor met woorde en kos. Ek gaan nic se nougat maak vir my gaste van Japan wat een van die dae aan my deur gaan klop vir n Sondagmaal.

    • huiskok April 22, 2013 at 11:42 am #

      Sjoe, om so ‘n kompliment te kry van jou – kosblogger van die jaar – is soos ‘n groot bos pragtige tulpe! Die sagte nougat is heerlik – egter baie soet en daarom is ‘n eetlepel skep al genoeg. Ek en Ian eet die res so teelepel vir teelepel uit die yskas, elke keer as ons verbyloop. Dis verslawend.

  3. LinsFood April 12, 2013 at 5:00 pm #

    I thoroughly enjoyed reading your post! Italian cuisine is one of the courses I teach and I absolutely love the history/story behind foods!

    • huiskok April 13, 2013 at 12:29 am #

      I agree, knowing the back story adds to the enjoyment.

  4. Elsie Jacobs April 12, 2013 at 10:46 am #

    baie geluk Erida net jou toekenning en ook baie dankie vir die heerlikke resepte

    Kan nie wag om altyd saam met jou ej RSG saam te kuier nie

    Lekker naweek

    Groete

    Elsie

    Sent from my iPad

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